Have you seen the statue of a woman riding a horse(equestrian statue) outside the entrance of the National Arts Theatre in Lagos?either in advert,movies or maybe you have actually pass or been there, this colossal bronze and concrete sculpture located in surulere Lagos state Nigeria is something you will pause to look at if you have ever been there. It shows Queen Amina proudly brandishing her sword while riding on a standing horse.
Amina (also Aminatu; d. 1610) was a Hausa Muslim Warrior Queen of Zazzau (now Zaria), in what is now north west Nigeria. She is the subject of many legends, but is believed by historians to have been a real ruler. There is controversy among scholars as to the date of her reign, one school placing her in the mid-15th century, and a second placing her reign in the mid to late 16th century
Amina of Zaria commonly known as the warrior queen, expanded the territory of the Hausa people of north Africa to the largest borders in history. More than 400 years later, the legend of her became the model for a television series about a fictional warrior princess, called Xena and she is known also as Amina Sarauniya Zazzau
She lived approximately 200 years prior to the establishment of the Sokoto-Caliphate federation that governed Nigeria during the period of British colonial rule, following the Islamic jahad (holy war) that overtook the region in the nineteenth century.
According to most accounts, Queen Amina ruled for 34 years at the turn of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Her domain of Zazzau, a city-state of Hausaland, was eventually renamed to Zaria and is the capital of the present-day emirate of Kaduna in Nigeria.
click next to continue reading