Pregnancy is always described as a time of great joy and happiness for every women. And is one of the most stressful events in a woman’s life
Once this joy comes in, there are certain things needed to take note of so to avoid miscarriage, premature birth and other dangers that can happen to a baby during and after pregnancy.
This article highlights four adverse effects of anxiety on baby’s health during pregnancy in order to promote child health.
1. Biological effects
The human body is an amazing and very complex organism. The intricacies of our bodies, especially our brains, are presumed to be involved in the origins and maintenance of anxiety disorders.
Do you know that maternal anxiety has a significant impact on baby’s weight?
Do you also know that maternal anxiety has a significant impact on baby’s height?
Therefore, pregnant woman needs to be careful of those thoughts that goes in and out of her mind during pregnancy.
Thought of naming the pregnancy as unwanted or unplanned pregnancy. These results suggest that existing vulnerabilities that predate pregnancy may interact with the social, familial, cultural, societal, environmental and biological conditions of pregnancy.
This could increase levels of biological anxiety, producing effects on the maternal fetal placental systems. Especially during sensitive periods that is early pregnancy.
2. Mental effects
Mental disorder during pregnancy and the postnatal period can have serious consequences on the well being of the mother and the baby.
studies proved that high level of maternal anxiety has a substantial effects on the baby, such as:
- mental disorders
- emotional problems
- lack of concentration and hyperactivity
- cognitive development instability
This could not only affect the baby but as well affect the mother and entire family members.
Therefore, it is very crucial to assess mental well being of a pregnant woman by medical practitioner on daily basis.
3. Behavioral effects
Many studies have established that a pregnant woman who smokes during pregnancy gives the child high risk of disruptive behavior disorder.
Results show that anxiety during pregnancy can also lead to;
- restlessness of the mother
- excessive infant crying
- body weakness of the mother and the baby
- the baby might find it difficult in dealing with life events at the later on
To avoid this happening. Therapy and other behavioral treatments can be effective in treating anxiety disorders and depression before and after pregnancy.
4. Medical Health effects
Medical health anxiety also known as hypochondria.
This is excessive worrying about one’s health, depressions from friends and families. Any pregnant woman facing this may likely affect the baby with;
- breath shortage
- Coronary disease in adulthood
- Reduction of heart rate variability which normally affect babies.
This so called medical health effects, affect Glucose metabolism in male offspring and causing Hyperglycemia. Although this relationship has not been established in female children.
Therefore, Once you have started experiencing this during pregnancy, visit your doctor you may be referred for psychological therapy and you may benefit from antidepressants.